Essential Question:
What were the effects on the colonies and the nation of the denial, curtailing, and expansion of civil rights for diverse groups of Americans?

Guiding Questions:
What changes occured on Beacon Hill from the late 1700's-1860 for men, women, children (black and white)?
How did the lives of African-Americans change after the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts in 1783? (Driscoll)
How did African-Americans' views of themselves change after the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts?

Massachusetts History Framework Standards: 5.31
Describe the significance and consequences of the abolition of slavery in the northern states after the Revolution and of the 1808 law that banned the importation of slaves into the United States.

D'Orsi/Zelaya

Pam Zelaya Draft lesson
February 4 Draft lesson
March 11 semi-final Version Content & Process Rubric

Objectives:

  1. Students will locate and understand differences in the Beacon Hill neighborhood in the 1800's.
  2. Students will look at school books from 1800's to assess education.
  3. Students will describe leisure activities of the era from archaeological findings.

Using the lives of 3 generations of the Roberts family, students will look at how the abolition of slavery had an impact on their lives in Boston.
1857: Robert Roberts published The House Servant Directory
http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/cookbooks/html/authors/author_roberts.html

Advertisement for purchase of The House Servant Directory in Essex Register, Salem, MA
http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/10BF438BE77C8540/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED

Connectors: 1820s, Roberts worked for Appleton and Kirk Boott, the powerful Lowell textile mill owner.
- wrote articles for Liberator

Benjamin Roberts(son of Robert Roberts) a printer, also a publisher of the Anti-Slavery Herald and in 1853 The Self Elevator

Sarah Roberts(daughter of Benjamin Roberts) in 1848 Sarah Roberts vs. Boston
http://www.masshist.org/longroad/02education/roberts.htm#
http://brownvboard.org/research/handbook/sources/roberts/roberts.htm

Primary Source Documents and Artifacts:
School: School books, primer, (1800-1850) from school for black and white children in Beacon Hill neighborhood.
Description of Smith School http://www.primaryresearch.org/bh/show.php?dir=smithschool&file=1
Leisure activity: We are hoping to find artifacts that people (men, women and/or children used in their leisure. Toys, dolls, equipment, songs, poems, anything depicting leisure activities for both blacks and whites on Beacon Hill in 1800-1850. (Geared to children)
Maps: Beacon Hill, Boston Fire Maps, Bostonian Society, shows changes in Boston's physical space and demographics.
http://maps.bpl.org/details_10180/?maid=25
Closeup of Belknap Street, Beacon Hill, 1852
belnap_BowdoinSchool_1852Boston.jpg
Belknap Street, Boston 1852


Microtexts: City of Boston (1800-1850) newspaper articles related to the education of blacks and whites.
Rare Books: We are hoping to find any broadsides or diaries that capture the look and feel of education for blacks and whites on Beacon Hill in 1800-1850. i.e. Colored American Magazine or Boston Illustrated


BPL images:

BPL4.JPG

1) J.G. Hale 1814 Map of Boston Available January, 2009 (Leventhal Map Room)


BPL3.JPG
2) McIntyre Map of Boston. S. Robert's Andover Street, available online. (Leventhal Map Room)

BPL2.JPG
3) Pinney Plan of Boston. S. Robert's residence (Leventhal Map Room)

BPL1.JPG
4) 1867, 1st Sandborne map. Andover Street. S. Robert's residence (Leventhal Map Room)

Boston Schools and Primers from BPL Rare Books


village_reader_coverpage.jpg
village_reader_rules_pg8.jpg
Village Reader pg8

village_reader_rules_pg9.jpg
Village Reader pg 9

village_reader_rules_pg10.jpg
Village Reader pg10

Village Reader, What is Education? Lesson LXXXIX (79)
v_reader_whateducation_pg184.jpg
Education pg 184

v_reader_whateducation_pg185.jpg
Education pg 185

v_reader_whateducation_pg186.jpg
Education pg 186

v_reader_whateducation_pg187.jpg
Education pg 187

Primary Schools of the City of Boston (1850)

Boston_primaryschool_org_cover.jpg
Boston_primaryschool_dis2&3.jpg
District 2 & 3

Boston_primaryschool_dis456.jpg
district 4 5 6

Boston_primaryschool_dis789.jpg
districts 7 8 9

Boston_primaryschool_dis101112.jpg
districts 10 11 12

Boston_primaryschool_footer.jpg
footer note: Schools for colored children

Charles Theo Russell school petition (August 29, 1849) - XbH.A849.R91R BPL Rare Books
Russell_colored_petition_cover.jpg
Russell_colored_petition_pg4.jpg
pg4

Russell_colored_petition_Belknap.jpg
refers to Belknap Street school


Law:
http://brownvboard.org/research/handbook/sources/roberts/roberts.htm

Selected Articles from Garrison's The Liberator

http://www.primaryresearch.org/bh/index.php
Selected articles from the Liberator

Smith School, Belknap Street [Letter to Editor]
Justice September 2, 1842. Page 139.

The Public Schools
C. Starbuck Jun 5, 1846. Page 89.

Constitutionality of Separate Colored Schools
Charles Sumner Feb 1, 1850. Page 18.

The Smith School [Letter to Editor Criticizing W.C. Nell]
Thomas Paul Smith February 15, 1850. Page 27.

Mass Historical Society

The Meeting House School (1843) located in Smith Court on Beacon Hill, was one of the segregated schools for African American students, including young William Nell and Sarah Roberts. Courtesy of The Bostonian Society/Old State House
What is the primary source? What's the MA Hist connection?

Museum of the African American History, Boston and Nantucket

http://www.afroammuseum.org/smith/
Learning from the past: Revisiting the Abiel Smith School 1835-1855 (Slide Show)

Driscoll
Objectives:
Students will be able to analyze what life was like for African Americans living in Massachusetts before and after the abolition of slavery in Massachusetts from the American Revolution to the early 1800s.

Driscoll Draft Lesson

Students will examine interpret the 1783 Quock Walker ruling that effectively ended slavery in Massachusetts. They will determine if the ruling changed the lives African Americans as well as how Africans viewed themselves.

Massachusetts Historical Society; African Americans and the End of Slavery in Massachusetts
The Struggle for Freedom
www.masshist.org/endofslavery/?queryID=55

Massachusetts Historical Society; African Americans and the End of Slavery in Massachusetts
Revolutionary Participation
www.masshist.org/endofslavery/?queryID=56

Massachusetts Historical Society; African Americans and the End of Slavery in Massachusetts
The Lives of African Americans in Massachusetts after the End of Slavery
www.masshist.org/endofslavery/?queryID=53


Oxford African American Studies Center
Cuffe, Paul
http://www.oxfordaasc.com/oa/article/opr/t0002/e1114/images/t0002.cuffe-paul.01.jpg?p=oaAIJMd.z3JsBTY&d=/opr/t0002/e1114

Oxford African American Studies Center
Roberts, Robert
http://www.oxfordaasc.com/oa/article/opr/t0004/e0483?p=oaAI/6t65orrKrY&d=/opr/t0004/e0483

Massachusetts Studies Project Timeline
http://www.msp.umb.edu/afam/AfAmTimelines.html

A Chronology of African American Military Service From the Colonial Era through the Antibellum Period
http://www.redstone.army.mil/history/integrate/CHRON1.html

Primary Source Documents an d Artifacts:
4867dolbeareloring17740601_1_lg.jpg4867dolbeareloring17740601_2_lg.jpg
Bill of sale signed by Benjamin Dolbeare as administrator of the estate of Nathaniel Loring to Benjamin Williams regarding Boston (a slave), 1 June 1774

Images from the collections of the
Massachusetts Historical Society.
4836cushingwalker_87b_ref.jpg
This is a selection from a legal notebook kept by William Cushing, the chief justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, regarding the case of Quock Walker (1783). The jury found in favor of Walker, a slave who ran away from his master (Nathaniel Jennison) in 1781

Image from the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Assessment Questions:
Items assembled by Zelaya, D'Osri, a nd Driscoll