Essential Question:
How did the lives of disenfranchised Americans change as they fought for freedom and equality?

Guiding Questions:
How did the lives of native Americans change with the arrival of the colonists?
How did the use of the land change?

Massachusetts History Framework Standards: 3.12
Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed.
Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.

Unit Goal

Students will apply the basic principles of historical thinking by researching and weighing primary information sources, and forming their own conclusions from those sources to interpret Native American life in the Boston area prior to and during colonial settlement.

Cynthia Blumsack , Robin Colarusso , Peg Gilleo
Diana Ricciardone ,

Objectives

Students will learn about fish weirs, tools, and different ways to use the land.

Primary Source Documents and Artifacts

Spectacle Island Lesson 5
Boston Harbor Island artifacts.
Fish Weir

Maps of Native Americans in Massachusetts/New England:
1675, Sellers, New England, documents Prince William war, pictorial image of English and Indians fighting, shows location of tribes
http://maps.bpl.org/details_10058/?mtid=60
1677, Foster, New England, documents Prince William war, shows location of tribes, communities of frontier that were attacked
http://maps.bpl.org/details_10060/?mtid=60
US Geological Atlas, National Atlas has reconstructed map showing distribution of Native American tribes in US (BPL has atlas, but digital copy image online at:
[[http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/map_item.pl?data=/home/www/data/gmd//gmd370m/g3701m/g3701gm/gct00013/ca000097.jp2&style=setlmap&itemLink=r?ammem/gmd:@filreq(@field(NUMBER+@band(g3701gm+gct00013))+@field(COLLID+setlmap))&title=The%20national%20atlas%20of%20the%20United%20States%20of%20America.%20
[Arch%20C.%20Gerlach,%20editor].+-+Indian%20tribes,%20Cultures%20%26%20Languages|http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/map_item.pl?data=/home/www/data/gmd//gmd370m/g3701m/g3701gm/gct00013/ca000097.jp2&style=setlmap&itemLink=r?ammem/gmd:@filreq(@field(NUMBER+@band(g3701gm+gct00013))+@field(COLLID+setlmap))&title=The%20national%20atlas%20of%20the%20United%20States%20of%20America.%20
[Arch%20C.%20Gerlach,%20editor].+-+Indian%20tribes,%20Cultures%20%26%20Languages ]]

Indian Slave Advertisements

Boston News-Letter, America's Historical Newspapers
  1. Sirranam Indian manslave 14yo named Prince 1704, 11-06
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/1056624E43F2A92F/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED
  2. Carolina Indian 12yo boy 1707, 03-24
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/105661E7806C6BA5/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED
  3. Indian Map servant, John Elles 23yo 1707, 09-22
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/105661F7A99AF291/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED
  4. Indian boy, 12yo Speaks English 1712, 09-01
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/1056625FEF278BA3/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED
  5. Ingenious likely Indian boy 13yo 1718, 03-03
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/1056631B984D5358/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED
  6. Indian women, 18 yo, New England 13yrs 1723, 03-04
    http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/1046DE89AAE210C3/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED

Burial Town of Boston 1728, Indians and Negros

http://docs.newsbank.com/s/HistArchive/ahnpdoc/EANX/1056649EFAFD31C6/0F20FECAAFCBE6ED

King Philips War (1675-1676)

history_kingphilip_colorcover.jpg
History of King Philips War


deathkingphilip_engr.jpg
Death of King Philip
captureindianfortress_engr.jpg
Capture Indian Fortress
massasoit_engraving.jpg
Massasoit and His Warriors
firstencounter_engraving.jpg
First Encounter


John Campbell (First Postmaster and Indian slave owner ???)
jcampbell_postmaster_transcript.jpg
Explanation of document by last owner.

mill_villue_cover_with_engr.jpg
Mide Villeneuve, Contains folded prints depicting violence.
MVilleneuve_Pg33_engr.jpg
Engraving 33 Page 18

Sauvages_Ameriquains_cover.jpg
Sauvages Ameriquains cover page (XG.724.L13 MV.4

Sauvages_map_pg25.jpg
Early map of new world.

Sauvages_map_macro_pg25.jpg
Footer detail close-up

Indian Dwellings

Indian House BPL call number E78.MA L56 - currently not available. Blumsack book request

Engravings depicting Indian life and their interaction with colonists in New England [BPL Rare Books call number: Ch .A .2 .30]
rogerwilliams.jpg
Roger Williams, Narragansetts

rogerwilliams_macro.jpg
Roger Williams, closeup view

colonists_shore_engraving.jpg
Colonists life on the shore, Indian seen to right in full image


Mrs. Mary Rowlandson Captivity Narrative 1682 [BPL Rare Books call number: XH .15 .8]
captivity_narr_MRowlandson.jpg
cover page
captivity_narr_pg1.jpg
page 1

cap_narr_5remove_pg17.jpg
5th Remove pg17
cap_narr_5remove_pg18.jpg
5th Remove Pg18


cap_narr_7remove_pg21.jpg
7th Remove pg21
cap_narr_7remove_pg22.jpg
7th Remove pg22

cap_narr_10remove_.jpg
10th Remove

captivity_narr_14th.jpg
14 Remove pg41
captivity_narr_14th_pg42.jpg
14th Remove pg42

cap_narr_19remove_pg47.jpg
19th Remove pg47
cap_narr_19remove_pg48.jpg
19th Remove pg48


Indian Children Bound Lyst August 10, 1676 [BPL Rare Books call number: Ms.X.Ch.A.2.36]
note - could be a contemporary copy although docs look quite old
indian_children_lyst_cardcat.jpg
Rare Books card catalog card description


indchild_CyclopaediaAmerLit.jpg
Cyclopaedia of American Literature explanation include in folio


indianchildren_bound_table1.jpg
indianchildren_bound_table2.jpg
indianchildren_bound_table3.jpg
indian_children_lyst_top.jpg

indian_children_lyst_sec1.jpg
indian_children_lyst_sec2.jpg

BPL5.JPG
Ezra Stile's 1761 sketch, home of George Waukeets. Indians of New England, p. 52, BPL.

Indian runaway Advertisement, Tom - Rare Books document Ch.E.10.87

indian_runaway_ad_Tom.jpg
Captain Richard Walker's purchase of Indian boy as perpetual servant

card_cat_walker1668.jpg
walker_letter_1668.jpg
BPL Rare Books - Ms.Am. 1432